By Mariam Hovuni
September 8 is International Literacy Day
September 8th is International Literacy Day, which is one of the international holidays of the United Nations. It was established by the UNESCO during the 1966 World Congress of Ministers of Education on the Eradication of Illiteracy held in Tehran.

“Literacy is freedom”-this is how the UNESCO has described the meaning of literacy. The UNESCO believes literacy is a complex and dynamic process of education and communication and a road that leads to free communication in modern society in different languages and with different cultures.

The selection of the date (8 September) is conditioned by the day of the solemn opening of the congress. The main purpose is to revitalize the efforts of the international community aimed at disseminating literacy as a tool for enlargement of the rights and opportunities of people, communities and societies.

Based on the statistics of the UN, approximately 776,000,000 people are illiterate, and most of them are women. Out of school-aged children, 75,000,000 are deprived of the opportunity to learn.

International Literacy Day is called for revitalizing the society’s efforts for dissemination of literacy, which is one of the major spheres of activity of the UNESCO.