Forgotten professions “Where are the Vocational technical schools?”
At present in the sphere of higher and middle education there is a deviation in the correlation of students’ number.
At present in the sphere of higher and middle education there is a deviation in the correlation of students’ number. The ¾ out of 100.000 students study in higher educational institution, the ¼ in vocational technical schools. This distribution is abnormal, which means that the educational market is not developed yet, as European average indexes are different; the number of those who have higher education is fewer as compared with those who have middle professional (soviet standard). According to the data of RA Ministry of Education and Science there are 110 institutions that provide with middle professional education where study about 34.000 students. These institutions function under the supremacy of various departments; 54.000 educational institutions function under the supremacy of Ministry of Education and Science; 10 function under the supremacy of Ministry of Agriculture, 3 under the supremacy of Ministry of culture, 2 under the Ministry of Sports and 1 under the supremacy of Ministry of Energy. Driver, cook, seller, energetic, turner, nurse, accountant….In the period of Soviet Union the youth choose and studied the following professions in the corresponding technical schools. Some people try to re-establish good traditions of “Soviet professions” and technical colleges, but there is a psychological problem. Today parents wish their children have diploma without taking into consideration their capacities. That is the reason that there are so many universities in our republic and the state of professional institutions and industrials schools are in a sorry plight. “Education as system supplying the economics, should prepare not only qualified specialists but also specialists that are much in demand and have secondary education” declares the minister of Education and Science Armen Ashotyan. In opinion of minister the main problem is that the majority of society wants to receive higher education. “It is rather odd, that the only way out seems to be receiving higher education”. Graduate student of Yerevan State University from the faculty of International Relations Narek, leaned from us that there are middle professional institutions. “I couldn’t even imagine that besides Universities there are other places where we can study. All my classmates were preparing to enter higher educational institutions; as to technical colleges I think that only region youth is studying there”. By the way Narek doesn’t work by his profession. Middle and secondary educational institutions must satisfy the needs of labor market. Professional education is not end in itself’ it should execute the order of labor market. In the Ministry of Education and Science assure that there are already some acquisitions in this sphere. A memorandum has been signed between Industrial Palace and Factory Unities, according to which real needs of labor market, employers and economy will be taken into consideration. 23-year-old Edgar Chobanyan graduated from Information Science College and during his studying period he gained only theoretical knowledge. “If there was not computer at home it would be very difficult to apply theoretical knowledge in practice. Now I work as computer operator and completely master my profession. Thus only knowledge that gives you the college is not enough, practice is also very important”, mentions Edgar. Examining the labor market it can be said that qualified specialists are in demand but the problem is whether the employer gives importance to the education of his employee is or not. 21-year-ol Jemma Oskanyan graduated from Yerevan Trade College years ago, and till now she works as a seller. “Years ago it was impossible to work in a shop or elsewhere without proper qualification. Today if you want to work in shop it is enough to be 30 years old and a little good-looking”. Previous technical colleges today are called just colleges but there are no essential changes. It is necessary to make them better, as in order to have qualified education, first of all quality standards should be organized; here financial problems arise. It is the third year that in the frames of European Union-Armenia cooperation a program is being realized, which has give 15 million euro to the Ministry of Education and Science. First of all they have verified the lists of professions and then have began the improvement of buildings, acquisition of educational property and laboratory equipments. The total number of professions that are taught in Armenia is 140, out of which 54 will be improved this year. The staff of the institutions and the lecturers has been re-qualified. “Youth Professional Orientation Center” by the claim of RA Ministry of labor and Social Affairs hold an inquiry in Yerevan schools which was aimed at professional orientation. The center president Haykuhi Gevorgyan informed that the majority of 1337 pupils who have participated in the inquiry prefer the professions of doctor, economist, programmer and lawyer. Pupils are unaware of demands and supplies of labor market and may be mistaken in their choice and it is possible that they will become either unemployed or work not by their profession. It should be noted that there is an alternative choice in this educational sphere; private trainings that are offered everywhere. These are computer and accountant studies or studies for hairdressers and cooks. “I have studied cooking and table design for 2 months and have paid 20.000 dram. In the end I didn’t receive a certificate” tells 19-years old Amalia. Amalia’s brother is a hairdresser: he has studied his craft from his master and now is working in the same beauty solon where his master does. Thus private lessons substitute for studies in professional colleges. Where to go? New colleges or technical institutions, state higher educational institutions or private universities; the choice is free and individual. As a result of their will become either an unemployed or will work by their profession. It is just necessary to find out which professions now are in demand and not in mode before making choice. Juliet Matevosyan